KAMM Updates

Kentucky Watches, Warnings or Advisories Weather Alerts  Follow the alerts, link here.

Link to our Quick Links.

Contact us if you have questions or want to join our newsletter e-mail list help@kymitigation.org.


Join KAMM – 2023

KAMM offers three membership levels: Individual ($25), Student ($10); and Agency/Organization ($250). Membership is based on the calendar year (January 1 – December 31). 

Link to Join KAMM.  Pay by Check or by Credit Card. 



2023 KAMM Regional Trainings

KAMM Regional Reps are working on locations and agendas — stay tuned for details!


Region I: March 8
Region II: March 15
Region III: March 22
Region IV: March 29

Link to see what Region you work or live in: KAMM Regional Info

Regional trainings are free to KAMM members and $25 for non-members.  Link to Join KAMM, Pay by Check or by Credit Card. 


2023 KAMM Conference: Mitigation in the Mountains


2023 KAMM Conference

Prestonsburg, Mountain Arts Center

September 18, preconference

September 19-21, annual conference

Call for Abstracts: April 28, 2023

Benefit Cost Analysis Training Available

January 26, 2023

Greetings Region 4 Partners,

We’d like to welcome you to attend a virtual Benefit Cost Analysis (BCA) 276 Training scheduled March 6-9, 2023 via Zoom. The training will hosted by FEMA Region 4 Hazard Mitigation Assistance Branch in conjunction with our partners at North Carolina Department of Public Safety and facilitated by FEMA Hazard Mitigation Division, Federal Insurance and Mitigation Administration (FIMA) along with contractual partners.

Please note, for this event there is a time commitment of 4 hours for 4 days. Also, sign-up for the training will be honored on a first-come first-served basis (30 participant max).

The training is open to both Recipients and Subrecipients. Therefore State, Local, Tribal, and Territory partners are welcomed to attend. Please link to the draft agenda here Agenda-BCA 276 which describes the 9 units covered during the training and their content.

To sign-up, please  email Geni Jo Brawner at geneva.j.brawner.nfg@army.mil with the following information for each member attending from your organization:

  1. First /Last Name              
  2. Email Address    
  3. Job Title              
  4. Organization      
  5. What is your level of knowledge of BCA? (Beginner/Intermediate/Advanced)

A member of the Region 4 Team will follow-up with the first 30 individuals that have responded to provide a calendar invite with the zoom link. All others will be contacted and provided the option to be placed on an alternate/waitlist.

FEMA Releases New Independent Study Course:
Preparing the Nation for Space Weather Events

Space weather – winds and magnetic waves that move through space – can sometimes reach Earth or Earth’s upper atmosphere. When this happens, space weather can adversely affect critical technological systems like satellite-based positioning and navigation, high frequency radio communications, and the electric power grid.

Much of the space weather that reaches Earth is generated by our sun, which goes through solar cycles that are about 11 years long. Each cycle is marked by a solar maximum and a solar minimum. At the solar maximum, the sun’s activity peaks and sun’s magnetic poles reverse. This peak can be measured by the number of sun spots observed on the sun’s surface. This is followed by a solar minimum when the sun is least active, which marks the beginning of the next solar cycle.

We are now in Solar Cycle 25 with the next solar maximum expected in 2025. In 2019, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) initially predicted that Solar Cycle 25 would have average activity. However, since this prediction was made, the Sun has been more active than anticipated, and with more solar activity comes an increased likelihood of disruptive space weather events on Earth, like radio blackouts, geomagnetic storms, or solar radiation storms.

Since space weather has the potential to significantly disrupt critical infrastructure, emergency preparedness for space weather events is important. The Federal Emergency Management Agency’s (FEMA’s) Emergency Management Institute (EMI) recently launched a new online course: IS-66: Preparing the Nation for Space Weather Events.

This 2-hour independent study course is appropriate for emergency managers at all levels. It covers:

  • The types of events that present potential dangers.
  • The types of systems that may experience disruptions.
  • Case studies with examples of historical space weather events and their impacts.
  • Information on the activities and analysis that go into developing and producing Space Weather Forecast products.

The course builds on FEMA’s 2019 Federal Operating Concept for Impending Space Weather Events, a 65-page guide supporting the National Space Weather Strategy and Action Plan, which was released by the White House in 2019. The 2019 FEMA guide is intended to be used in the development of operational plans to prepare for, protect against, and mitigate the effects of impending space weather events.

After completing this course, emergency managers will better understand how to identify risks to their organization, implement mitigation actions and develop contingency operating plans in the event of a disruptive space weather event.

To learn more and to take the course, visit the course page on EMI’s website.



Training Opportunities

You are invited to join the Natural Floodplain Functions Alliance for a webinar on our new report: Strategies and an Action Plan for Protecting and Restoring Wetland and Floodplain Functions

Date/Time: Thursday, February 16th at 1 pm ET. REGISTER HERE

The Natural Floodplain Functions Alliance (NFFA) and the Wetland Mapping Consortium (WMC) are pleased to announce the release of their jointly developed report, Strategies and an Action Plan for Protecting and Restoring Wetland and Floodplain Functions. This report is the result of a multi-year initiative and a series of workshops that were developed to identify barriers to greater integration of wetland and floodplain management efforts and strategies for overcoming those barriers for nature-based solutions. The overall goal of the initiative was to support greater climate resiliency and, in turn, safer and healthier communities for all Americans.

The report is organized based on four pillar topics that were identified during workshops as being central to developing a path forward: policy, data, funding, and communication. The report documents workshop findings, policy recommendations, and suggested next steps.

The loss of functioning floodplains is contributing to water-resources management challenges across the nation, including increased flooding and erosion, poor water quality, drought, and loss of biodiversity. Functioning floodplains are a necessary solution to address the climate change and biodiversity crises that we face today. The strategies and recommendations included in the report are intended to provide a launching pad to reignite federal leadership and support for a unified national program and action plan for protecting and restoring the natural and beneficial functions of wetlands and floodplains.

To download a PDF copy of the report, click here.

For questions regarding the report and next steps, please contact:

  • Marla Stelk, Executive Director, National Association of Wetland Managers, marla@nawm.org, 207-892-3399.
  • Eileen Shader, Director of River Restoration, American Rivers, eshader@americanrivers.org, 570-856-1128.


Barren River ADD TEEX Courses: Infrastructure Disaster Management Certificate

This program provides the emergency management community a deep dive into key sub-sectors of Critical Infrastructure.

MGT317 Disaster Management for Public Services
MGT345 Disaster Management for Electric Power Systems
MGT343 Disaster Management for Water and Wastewater Utilities
MGT341 Disaster Preparedness for Healthcare Organizations

Link to the informational flyer with QR codes: TEEX Courses

3/15/23 – 3/16/23: MGT317 Disaster Management for Public Services 

Register here

6/21/23 -6/22/23: MGT345 Disaster Management for Electric Power Systems

Register here

9/13/23 – 9/14/23: MGT343 Disaster Management for Water and Wastewater Utilities

Register here

12/13/23 – 12/14/23: MGT341 Disaster Preparedness for Healthcare Organizations

Register here

Contact Dajana Crockett for more information.
(270) 306-4061

Procurement Under Grants Training Schedule

January – February

Virtual training dates 

All webinars provide an overview of the requirements and FEMA financial assistance applicability under the Build America, Buy America Act (BABAA), FEMA’s waiver authority and waiver types, and review of additional FEMA resources.

Follow the links to register

Feb 1, 2023, 11:00 a.m. – 12:00 p.m. EST

Documenting Compliance with Build America, Buy America Act

Feb 8, 2023, 3:00 p.m. – 4:00 p.m. EST

Documenting Compliance with Build America, Buy America Act

Feb 15, 2023, 1:00 p.m. – 2:00 p.m. EST

Documenting Compliance with Build America, Buy America Act

Feb 22, 2023, 11:00 a.m. – 12:00 p.m. EST

Documenting Compliance with Build America, Buy America Act


January 19, 2023

This is a reminder that the Division of Water, along with FEMA staff, will be hosting an L0273 training in Frankfort.  See the notice below.   There are only 7 spaces left and space is limited so, register below ASAP (if you haven’t already) if you are interested!!  Additional information will follow once you register at the link below.

Managing Floodplain Development through the NFIP

February 6-9, 2023, 8a – 4p EST

The Division of Water, in partnership with FEMA RIV staff, will be hosting an introductory L0273: Managing Floodplain Development thru the NFIP course in Frankfort in February.

The course includes an overview of the natural conditions that form floodplains, the history of floodplain management, the creation of the NFIP, an overview of NFIP minimum floodplain management regulations, Substantial Damage/Substantial Improvement, describes the use of a local permitting process, floodplain maps, as well as introduces the roles & responsibilities of a floodplain manager before, during, and after a disaster. 

This course is targeted for newer floodplain managers as well as those that may need a refresher in floodplain requirements.

More information will be provided in January.  Attendees will be required to attend all 4 days to receive credit.  If you are interested, please email KY’s NFIP Coordinator at alex.vanpelt@ky.gov.

Managing Floodplain Development thru the NFIP Feb 6-9, 2023, 8a – 4p ET.

Registration for all sessions is free, but required.

Date:    Managing Floodplain Development thru the NFIP Jan 30 – Feb 2, 2023         8a – 4:30p ET


Campbell County Office of Emergency Management, Upcoming Training FW: Disaster Recovery Public Assistance Programs, An Introduction (MGT-482 and Disaster Recovery: A Strategic Overview of the Public Assistance Process (MGT-481) courses

We’d like to extend an invitation to you attend our Disaster Recovery Public Assistance Programs, An Introduction (MGT-482 and Disaster Recovery: A Strategic Overview of the Public Assistance Process (MGT-481) courses being offered here in Campbell County on March 7-8, 2023.


These courses provide an overview of the FEMA disaster recovery public assistance program and will provide front line jurisdiction staff and leaders with the information that will assist communities and businesses to prepare for and recover from disasters. The course will provide an overview of the key topics to understand recovery and improve preparedness for the next disaster.  The course will facilitate an understanding of how to identify and recognize disaster recovery program resources by discussing and summarizing the FEMA Public Assistance Program and Policy Guide and how to use the FEMA guide as a baseline for recovery planning.


This Course is sponsored by the Campbell County Office of Emergency Management and the Kentucky Office of Homeland Security. Delivered by National Emergency Response and Rescue Training Center (NERRTC), Texas Engineering Extension Service (TEEX), Texas A&M University member of National Domestic Preparedness Consortium (NDPC).


Register online athttps://tinyurl.com/52k26xp8                                        

Additional registration details are attached.

For more information contact William R. Turner, CKEM at wturner@campbellcountyky.gov

Making Mitigation Work Webinars

The Natural Hazards Center is excited to announce the return of its popular webinar series, Making Mitigation Work. The series—which is produced in partnership with the FEMA—features free one-hour webinars that highlight progress in mitigation policy, practice and research.

You can access previous sessions of the Making Mitigation Work series on Natural Hazards Center’s website. The collection includes more than 20 videos that discuss topics such as mitigation messaging, building codes, buyout programs, disaster spending and investment, infrastructure resilience, community collaboration and racial and social equity.

Visit Natural Hazards Center || Making Mitigation Work (colorado.edu)

Participants may qualify for continuing education credits from the International Association of Emergency Managers.  Learn more on the Continuing Education Credits webpage.

Making Mitigation Work 2023 webinars. All times Mountain time (TM):

  • February 14, 2023, 11 a.m. to Noon 
  • March 14, 2023, 11 a.m. to Noon 
  • April 11, 2023, 11 a.m. to Noon 
  • May 16, 2023, 11 a.m. to Noon 
  • June 13, 2023, 11 a.m. to Noon 

Natural Hazards Center || Catch Up on Previously Recorded Webinars (colorado.edu)


Community Rating System Webinar Schedule

The CRS Webinar Series provides both live and on-demand training to communities.  The Series includes basic introductory sessions and more advanced topics, most averaging about an hour in length.

For dates and topic, link to CRS Training and Webinars

Link to https://crsresources.org/training/ to register.


Check out other Online Training

Link to Online Training.



Abandoned Mine Lands Economic Revitalization (AMLER) Program Grant Workshop Planned

The Kentucky Division of Abandoned Mine Lands (DAML) will host an online workshop for those interested in applying for a grant through the Abandoned Mine Lands Economic Revitalization (AMLER) program.

January 31, 2023, at 9 a.m. workshop will be held via Microsoft Teams on  Eastern time.  Anyone interested in applying for an AMLER grant in 2023 is encouraged to attend.

Each year, the division facilitates the distribution of federal funded AMLER grants, which can be applied toward economic and community development projects with correlation to historic, AML eligible, mine sites. Because of the federal Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL) – also known as the Infrastructure Investment & Jobs Act – the division anticipates additional grant funding may be available in 2023.

The application period for 2023 grants will be open January 5-April 5, 2023.

Workshop topics will include:

  • Introduction to the AMLER program & grant process
  • Review of the 2023 AMLER program application process
  • Discussion of winning qualities in an application packet
  • Examples of previously selected grants
  • Expectations of grant recipients
  • Q&A focused on the application process and grant ideas

Register for the workshop at https://bit.ly/AMLERGrantWorkshop.  

AMLER staff also will be available for one-on-one discussion at our regional offices on the below dates.  

  • February 15, 2023 at 101 Bulldog Lane, Hazard, KY
  • March 7, 2023 at 85 State Police Road, London, KY
  • March 21, 2023 at 3140 South Lake Drive, Suite 6, Prestonsburg, KY

For additional information, visit https://eec.ky.gov/Natural-Resources/Mining/Abandoned-Mine-Lands/Pages/AMLER_Program.aspx or contact SamanthaM.Johnson@ky.gov or Jordan.Montgomery@ky.gov.


Five Star and Urban Waters Restoration Grant Program

National Fish & Wildlife Foundation (NFWF) [external with partnership from EPA/USFWS/USDA-Forest Service) FY23 National Fish & Wildlife Foundation (NFWF) – Five Star & Urban Waters Restoration Grant Program – focus on the stewardship and restoration of coastal, wetland, and riparian ecosystems across the country. Pre-Application Webinar: December 08, 2022. 

The Five Star and Urban Waters Restoration Program focuses on the stewardship and restoration of coastal, wetland and riparian ecosystems across the country. Its goal is to meet the conservation needs of important species and habitats, providing measurable and meaningful conservation and educational outcomes. The program requires the establishment and/or enhancement of diverse partnerships and an education/outreach component that will help shape and sustain behavior to achieve conservation goals.

Funding priorities for this program include:

  • On-the-ground wetland, riparian, in-stream and/or coastal habitat restoration
  • Meaningful education and training activities, either through community outreach, participation and/or integration with K-12 environmental curriculum
  • Measurable ecological, educational and community benefits
  • Partnerships: Five Star projects should engage a diverse group of community partners to achieve ecological and educational outcomes.

To date, the Foundation has funded more than 1,000 projects in 50 states, including the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands through this program. More than $25 million in grants has leveraged more than $81 million in other funds or donated services.

Full Proposal Due Date: January 31, 2023.


Land and Water Conservation Fund Outdoor Recreation Legacy Partnership Program
Department of the Interior, National Park Service

Outdoor Recreation – Acquisition and Development

As designed, the purpose of the ORLP Program is to provide new or significantly improved recreation opportunities in economically-disadvantaged communities and that:

  • meet recreation goals as identified in, and align with, at least one priority of, the State’s Comprehensive Outdoor Recreation Plan
  • are located within or abutting an incorporated city (or town) having a population of 30,000 or more, and
  • serve the specific needs of a community(ies) that is (are) severely lacking in walkable, publicly accessible, outdoor recreation (“park deserts”), and that has a poverty rate of at least 20% or that is at least 10 percentage points higher than that of the project city, county, and state rates.

* For the purposes of this competition, for a community to be considered a “park desert,” there must be:

  1. No existing parks within a .5-mile radius of the community(ies) to be served by the park (not the radius of the proposed park); or
  2. one or two small parks within a .5-mile radius of the community(ies) that is/are not large enough to support the size of the population of the service area, or otherwise unable to provide a variety of recreational opportunities; or
  3. one or two existing parks (potentially of adequate size), including the park that is being addressed in this project, that is/are so obsolete or underdeveloped that a major redevelopment or rehabilitation is necessary to be able to significantly increase the number of people or user groups who could be served in a way that would be equivalent to a new park; or
  4. existing parks that are inaccessible to the target community due to physical barriers such as transportation infrastructure, rivers, etc.

Link to Land and Water Conservation Fund Outdoor Recreation Legacy Partnership Program .

Apply by May 31, 2023

Estimated Total Program Funding: $192,000,000
Award Ceiling: $10,000,000
Award Floor: $300,000

To apply, visit Grant.gov.  View Opportunity | GRANTS.GOV


Finding Funding for Nature-Based Projects Just Got a Little Bit Easier

Announcing a new searchable database for communities interested in funding nature-based infrastructure solutions

December 7, 2022 

The National Wildlife Federation has launched a new microsite FundingNatureBasedSolutions.nwf.org, that aims to easily connect community planners and other stakeholders with sources of federal funding for infrastructure projects that incorporate natural elements. 

The site allows users to search and sort the more than 70 types of federal grants that fund nature-based restoration solutions based on factors such as eligible recipients, project purpose, and the match required.  It also provides information about the typical application cycles, and contact information for each program. 

Recent legislation, including the Bipartisan Infrastructure Framework and the Inflation Reduction Act, created several new funding streams for nature-based projects and augmented existing programs’ funding for broad purposes such as flood protection, water quality improvement, disaster recovery and transportation resilience.  The website will be updated regularly as the funding sources available evolve. 

Visit the National Wildlife Federation Media Center NWF.org/News.

Green Infrastructure Funding Microsite

The National Wildlife Federation (NWF) launched a new funding microsite for communities interested in pursuing federal funding and/or technical assistance for nature-based solutions and green infrastructure projects. The interactive database allows users to search and sort the more than 70 types of federal grants that fund nature-based solutions based on factors such as eligible recipients, project purpose, and the match required. It also provides information about the typical application cycles, and contact information for each program.

Access the database here: FundingNatureBasedSolutions.nwf.org



Gov. Beshear Announces Over $8 Million to Support Cleaner Water and Nonprofits in Perry County

HAZARD, Ky. (Jan. 24, 2023) – Today Gov. Andy Beshear announced over $8 million in awards for Perry County, including waterline updates, sewer infrastructure projects and nonprofit assistance.

“The Cleaner Water Project funding, along with the other appropriated dollars that are coming to Perry County, will be instrumental in our continuing efforts to rebuild this community,” said Rep. Chris Fugate, who represents Perry, Breathitt and Owsley Counties. “Though the last six months have been a trying time for my neighbors, I can’t help but feel as if we are beginning to turn a new leaf, and it will be exciting to witness the benefits of this funding.”

Gov. Beshear started by announcing Cleaner Water Program (CWP) and Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC) Awards.

City of Buckhorn
Gov. Beshear announced $743,475 in ARC funds to provide essential sewer and water infrastructure to Buckhorn. This will allow a new water treatment plant to be constructed and operated.

“ARC funds have done great things in Buckhorn and across Eastern Kentucky,” said Mayor Paul Robert Turner. “This project will bolster our sewer and water service, ensuring we have reliable infrastructure to support future economic growth. Announcements like this get us closer to the future we all want for Buckhorn.”

City of Hazard
Gov. Beshear announced:

  • $1,977,000 in ARC funds for sewer line improvements in downtown Hazard. This project will improve sewer service for 2,220 households and 280 businesses.
  • $1,017,848 in ARC funds to replace a waterline along Kentucky Highway 476, improving water service for 1,781 households and 219 businesses.
  • $972,000 in ARC funds for new waterlines in the Christopher Community in Hazard. This will improve water service for 181 households and seven businesses.
  • $304,160 in ARC funds to install 1,450 linear feet of waterline to improve water service for 621 households and 29 businesses.
  • $238,521 in CWP funds to improve water service to eight homes in the Napier Ridge Road area.

Perry County Fiscal Court
Gov. Beshear announced:

  • $1.5 million in ARC funds to replace waterlines in the former City of Vicco water distribution system. The project will improve water safety and service for 228 households and two businesses.
  • $1,225,600 in ARC funds to extend sewer service to households on Upper Second Creek Road. Gov. Beshear also announced the commitment of $1.4 million from the CWP for this project. The new line will provide sewer service for 53 households in the project service area.

“The ARC and Gov. Beshear have been great partners to Perry County,” said Perry County Judge/Executive Scott Alexander. “The Cleaner Water funds are also going to be a huge help for the Upper Second Creek sewer extension project. These projects are moving Perry County forward, and we are excited to keep working toward a better tomorrow.”

Gov. Beshear Announces $3.8 Million for Clean Water, Nonprofits in Pike County

PIKEVILLE, Ky. (Jan. 24, 2023) 

Today, Gov. Andy Beshear announced more than $3.8 million in awards to expand access to clean water and support nonprofits in Pike County.

Cleaner Water Program Awards
Gov. Beshear announced the commitment of $3.5 million in Cleaner Water Program (CWP) funds to communities in Pike County.

Elkhorn City

  • $82,536 to improve the wastewater collection system.
  • $303,597 to construct a new water main to support reliable water service to 350 homes.

Mountain Water District

  • $1,926,262 to replace leak-prone waterlines in multiple locations.
  • $313,000 to install a waterline to provide water to four unserved homes in the Peach Orchard area of Pike County. 


  • $624,915 to extend sewer service to an area of the Cedar Creek Subdivision.
  • $313,520 to upgrade the water treatment plant.

Funded by the American Rescue Plan Act and administered by the Kentucky Infrastructure Authority, $500 million has been appropriated through a bipartisan agreement with the General Assembly to provide clean drinking water and wastewater grants to fund projects across Kentucky since 2021. The 2022 funding will be allocated based on each county’s proportion of the state’s population, with the exception of Jefferson County’s share, which is discounted by 50% based on its high per capita allocation from the federal act. As the project progresses, the utility will be reimbursed by Cleaner Water Program funds.



Guide to UFR Resources for Applicants and Practitioners

December 20, 2022

The “Guide to UFR Resources for Practitioners and Applicants” serves as a directory of Unified Federal Review (UFR) product for disaster recovery grant applicants.  The guide provides a synopsis of each resource.  While the primary audiences are disaster recovery grantees and subgrantees, other federal and state partners may find these resources useful to guide post-disaster engagements or pre-disaster planning.


FEMA Announces Update to Hazard Mitigation Assistance Programs

December 7, 2022

FEMA issued an updated policy to partially implement the Federal Flood Risk Management Standard for Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) programs to align with Executive Order 14030–Climate-Related Financial Risk to strengthen nationwide resilience.

The updated FEMA policy will help ensure communities affected by flood disasters are less vulnerable to the loss of life and property and reduce the impacts of a changing environment.

The policy supersedes the interim one issued in August 2021.

The Federal Flood Risk Management Standard (FFRMS) aims to increase community resilience against flooding.  The policy update is effective on Dec. 7. and addresses elevating and floodproofing requirements for structures using Hazard Mitigation Assistance funding.  The policy applies to structures that are using the funds for mitigation activities such as elevation, mitigation reconstruction, dry floodproofing, new construction and substantial improvement.

The policy sets standards for critical actions to make structures like hospitals, nursing homes and emergency operation centers more resilient.  It also sets standards for non-critical actions for structures—such as residential, commercial and industrial buildings—that are in high-risk flood areas.

This policy update applies to any major disasters or Fire Management Assistance declarations made on or after Dec. 7.  And it applies to all Fiscal Year 2023 funding opportunities and future application cycles, unless otherwise stated in the funding opportunity.

In addition to this policy for Hazard Mitigation Assistance programs, Public Assistance issued an interim policy in June 2022 for structures that are substantially damaged or need improvements. These two partial implementation policies about the Federal Flood Risk Management Standard allow FEMA to help make communities less vulnerable to flooding.

To learn more about the policy, please visit FEMA.gov


FEMA Releases Guidance on Private-Public Partnerships and Disaster Resource Identification

December, 2022

FEMA published the Restoration and Recovery Guide for Private-Public Partnerships, which provides recommendations and resources for jurisdictions to help plan and coordinate the restoration of community lifelines, plan and develop recovery strategies and implement recovery operations. A private-public partnership provides a collaborative framework among public and private sector stakeholders to promote equitable and inclusive disaster recovery.

FEMA also released three Fact Sheets:

  • The “Private-Public Partnerships Support Equitable Outcomes for Risk Reduction” fact sheet. The fact sheet provides guidance for a private-public partnership to consider the risks and needs of vulnerable and disadvantaged communities and support the development of data-driven strategies for equitable outcomes.
  • The “Private-Public Partnerships Support Reducing Risks and Building Resilience” fact sheet, which provides guidance for a local government to collaborate with the private sector to develop equitable and inclusive mitigation strategies based on an assessment of shared disaster risks and vulnerabilities.
  • The “Disaster Resource Identification” fact sheet to provide recommendations and resources for jurisdictions to conduct disaster resource identification. The fact sheet includes recovery resources, guidance for how to search for disaster recovery resources and recommendations for disaster resource management.

To download the documents, please visit FEMA.gov.


How to Use Mitigation Planning for Increased Resilience

December, 2022

A hazard mitigation plan guides state, local, tribal, and territorial (SLTT) government decision makers on investments in long-term actions that reduce risk to natural hazards.  A Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (THIRA)/Stakeholder Preparedness Review (SPR) helps communities better understand how prepared they are and how to address vulnerabilities.  Both processes are key tools to reducing risk.  While each process has distinct purposes and requirements, there are some similarities.  Streamlining these processes will lead to less duplication and greater use of these products.

Mitigation plans and THIRA/SPR are key tools to reduce risk.  A hazard mitigation plan guides state, local, tribal and territorial government decision makers on long-term actions that reduce risk to natural hazards. 

A THIRA helps communities identify and provide context to threats and hazards.  It also sets a capability target based on the natural hazards or manmade threats selected.  In the SPR, communities determine current capabilities, gaps, and then opportunities, including grants.

FEMA Job Aid

The Increasing Resilience Using THIRA/SPR and Mitigation Planning Job Aid shows how to connect hazard mitigation planning with THIRA and SPR.  FEMA’s job aid outlines the similarities between the two processes.  It shows how to align the processes through seven unified steps:  

  • Involvement Across the Planning Area  
  • Threat and Hazard Identification  
  • Risk Assessment  
  • Develop Capability Targets 
  • Identify Gaps 
  • Develop, Prioritize and Operationalize Strategies  
  • Monitor and Adjust 

The job aid helps align these processes to reduce duplication, time, and effort.  For example, partners can coordinate the identification of hazards.  This is found in a mitigation plan’s risk assessment.  The job aid can then be used to describe the impact of an event in the THIRA.

Partners update mitigation plans and THIRA/SPR on a regular basis.  THIRA/SPR submissions are due every year by Dec. 31.  Mitigation plans are updated every five years.

In 2023, 34 state mitigation plans will need to be updated.  Partners can use this guide to find ways to complement each process while updating plans.



Answers to Questions about the National Flood Insurance Program

March 2022

An in-depth guide addressing frequently asked questions about the NFIP. This resource includes valuable information about flood insurance policies, what to do before and after a flood, flood maps, flood mitigation actions and more.

Click NFIP Question & Answer to download the publication.




USGS Mobile Flood Tool

The U.S. Geological Survey released a mobile tool that provides real-time information on water levels, weather, and flood forecasts all in one place. The new USGS National Water Dashboard will help inform forecasting, response, and recovery efforts for agencies such as the National Weather Service, FEMA, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, and other federal, state and local agencies.


What is the FEMA App

Take Charge of Disasters The FEMA App is your personalized disaster resource, so you feel empowered and ready to take charge of any disaster life throws your way.   

PLAN: Learn how to prepare for common hazards quickly and easily.

Whether you’re experienced or just starting out, the FEMA App can help you learn basic preparedness strategies like how to create a family emergency communication plan, what to pack in your emergency kit, and what to do immediately after a disaster. 

PROTECT: Knowing when and how to protect yourself, your loved ones and your property during a disaster can make all the difference.

With the FEMA App, you can receive real-time weather and emergency alerts from the National Weather Service for up to five locations nationwide.  It can also help you find a nearby shelter if you need to evacuate to a safe space.

Download the FEMA App

Get it on Google Play 

Download it on Apple Store.

You can also download the app via text messaging. On an Android device, text ANDROID to 43362 (4FEMA); On an Apple Device, text APPLE to 43362 (4FEMA).

Search for shelters near you. Text SHELTER and your Zip Code to 43362.


To search for shelters near you, text SHELTER and your ZIP code to 43362 (e.g. Shelter 12345). You may look up shelters any time through the American Red Cross shelter map or by downloading the FEMA App.

Safety Tips – To sign up to receive general information about how to prepare for any type of disaster, text PREPARE to 43362.  To sign up for disaster specific safety tips, text one of the keywords below to 43362:

  • FIRE



Mitigation Matters!  

Have questions? Contact us at help@kymitigation.org.

KAMM mailing address: KAMM, PO Box 1016, Frankfort, KY 40602-1016.  


Don’t forget to join the KAMM group on LinkedIn and Facebook.

KAMM is a non-profit 501 (c) (3)