The Natural Hazards and Sustainability for Residential Building publication outlines using green building practices to retain or improve natural hazard resistance.

 

Using Low Impact Development and Green Infrastructure to Get Benefits From FEMA Programs

EPA promotes the use of Low Impact Development (LID) and Green Infrastructure (GI) as a cost-effective and resilient approach to stormwater management.  LID/GI provides many community benefits including cleaner water, wildlife habitat, enhanced aesthetics, and can be designed to supplement localized or watershed flood protection. 

LID/GI projects that reduce flood losses to properties insured under the NFIP may be eligible for grant funding through FEMA.  In addition, LID/GI projects may allow a community to claim points toward flood insurance discounts.  

LID/GI ordinances and other environmental planning may allow a community to claim points toward flood insurance discounts under the Community Rating System (CRS) developed by FEMA.  LID/GI projects that reduce flood losses to properties insured under the NFIP may be eligible for grant funding through FEMA. 

 

Protect Streams – Implement Creditable CRS Activities

Activities that earn CRS credits Communities that protect streams should consider implementing these creditable activities:

  • Adopting erosion and sediment control regulations for land disturbed during development.
  • Establishing a library of flood risk data, which can contain LID and green space information.
  • Maintaining a flood protection website that can include relevant LID/GI information.
  • Prohibiting fill in the 100-year floodplain.
  • Adopting a building code that contains LID/GI requirements and practices.
  • Using dedicated funding for new or retrofit LID/GI projects in a capital improvement plan.
  • Conducting outreach that may include LID/GI and stream protection information.
  • Prohibiting dumping of yard waste and trash in streams and enforcing compliance.

 

Step-by-Step Guide to Integrating Community Input into Green Infrastructure Projects