Grant Sources

Why Mitigate?

Natural Hazard Mitigation Saves Study

January 31, 2018

Mitigation has a 6:1 return on investment ratio; mitigation is key to recovery

Summary of Findings for the National Institute of Building Science’s Natural Hazard Mitigation Saves 2017 Interim Report provides benefit-cost ratios (BCRs) for several hazard types and mitigation measures.  Focal points of this interim report are the net benefits of federal hazard mitigation grant projects, and exceeding building code requirements.  Specifically, the costs and benefits of designing new construction to exceed select provisions of the 2015 International Building Code (IBC), the 2015 International Residential Code (IRC) and implementation of the 2015 International Wildland-Urban Interface Code (IWUIC), which resulted in a national benefit of $4 for every $1 invested.  Additionally studied were the net benefits of impacts of 23 years of federal mitigation grants provided by the FEMA, Economic Development Administration (EDA) and Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), resulting in a national benefit of $6 for every $1 invested.

Natural hazard mitigation saves $6 on average for every $1 spent on federal mitigation grants, according to an analysis by the National Institute of Building Sciences.  Download the FEMA_MitSaves-Factsheet or the full report can be found at

Did you know?

  • FEMA generally doesn’t reimburse debris removal unless the debris is threatening infrastructure
  • KYTC bridge inspections may be needed to be eligible for FEMA funding
  • FEMA may help stabilize landslides if there is a threat to life, health, safety, or infrastructure
  • FEMA may repair landslides permanently; a geotechnical investigation may be required

NRCS Emergency Watershed Protection (EWP) Program

EWP responds to emergencies created by natural disasters.  It is not necessary for a federal disaster to be declared for an area to be eligible for assistance.  EWP is designed for installation of recovery measures.  EWP activities include providing financial and technical assistance to remove debris from stream channels, road culverts, and bridges, reshape and protect eroded banks, correct damaged drainage facilities, establish cover on critically eroding lands, repair levees and structures, and repair conservation practices.

There are two types of assistance available:

  • Exigency—An imminent threat to life and property exists and requires immediate federal action. Work must generally be completed within ten days
    from the last day of the storm event in order to protect life and property.
  • Non-Exigency—A situation where the threat to life and property is high enough to constitute an emergency, but the situation is not considered urgent. Work in this category does not require immediate action, but should be completed as soon as possible.

Link to Emergency Watershed Protection Program Overview

More information may be found at:

State Flood Control Matching Grant Program

The Flood Control Program uses state bond funds as grants to help meet cost-share match requirements associated with projects funded by the U.S. Corps of Engineers (USACE), the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) and USDA Rural Development (RD).   The type of projects previously funded included small dam reconstruction, acquisition and relocation of homes from floodprone areas, debris removal created by tornadoes and construction of floodwalls and elevation of structures about the floodplain.  The fund has also been used to participate in flood studies for future projects (Ex: stream flow gauges and flood inundation maps).

Cities, counties, special districts and area development districts are eligible for grants.  The application for these funds are accepted year round.  There must be a legally binding agreement with the federal sponsor(s) attached with the application.  The application must also include a resolution from local government authorizing their elected official to apply for the grant.  There is no maximum grant amount, but the request must be within reason based on the scope of the project and committed funds by additional agencies.

A local match is required.  The state flood control funds are used to assist local communities (grantees) with the required local match funds.  DLG will assist in funding the local match requirement by a rational percentage of federal funds allocated for the total project amount.  DLG encourages the grantee to include as many funding sponsors possible including federal, state, and local agencies, private sector, and/or any entities that will benefit from the flood control project.

For more information, link to The Flood Control Program  or contact Aaron Jones.

319 Grant Program 

The 1987 amendments to the Clean Water Act (CWA) established the Section 319 Nonpoint Source Management Program Section 319 addresses the need for greater federal leadership to help focus state and local nonpoint source efforts.  Under Section 319, states, territories and tribes receive grant money that supports a wide variety of activities including technical assistance, financial assistance, education, training, technology transfer, demonstration projects and monitoring to assess the success of specific nonpoint source implementation projects.

Links to Grant Resources

U.S.  Small Business Administration (SBA) Disaster Assistance Program

The SBA provides affordable assistance to disaster victims and long-term recovery assistance in the form of low-interest loans to homeowners, renters, and private non-profit organizations.  SBA works with FEMA in declared areas to ensure that affected individuals and businesses are aware of disaster program opportunities.  Underinsured or uninsured victims may be eligible for:

  • Home Physical Disaster Loans for repairs or replacement of a primary residence and replacement of personal property such as clothing, furniture, and cars.
  • Business Physical Disaster Loans are available for business to repair or replace damaged property such as inventory, supplies, machinery, and equipment.  Loans are also available for charities, churches, private schools, etc.
  • Economic Injury Disaster Loans make working capital available to small businesses and small agricultural cooperatives to cover normal operating expenses through the disaster recovery period.

Applying for Individuals and Household Assistance

Persons living in counties declared eligible for individual assistance programs under a major presidential disaster declaration may register for assistance by:

Top 10 Grant Procurement Mistakes

October 7, 2017

Completing a Grant/  Use this checklist to ensure you aren’t making the most common mistakes.

Top 10 Procurement Mistakes Leading to Audits and Potential Loss of FEMA Public Assistance Grant Funding

  1. Engaging in a noncompetitive procurement (i.e., sole-sourcing) without carefully documenting how the situation has created an urgent need to perform the works sooner than a competitive procurement process would allow.
  2. Continuing work under a sole-source contract after the urgent need (see #1) has ended, instead of transitioning to a competitively procured contract.
  3. Piggybacking onto another jurisdiction’s contract in a situation that doesn’t allow noncompetitive procurement (see #1) or where the other contract is materially different in terms of scope or requirements. Piggybacking is rarely allowable.
  4. Awarding a “time-and-materials” contract without a ceiling price that the contractor exceeds at its own risk and without documenting why no other contract type is suitable.
  5. Awarding a “cost-plus-percentage-of-cost” or “percentage-of-construction-cost” contract.
  6. Not including the required contract clauses (available online at the below website under “PDAT Resources” menu).
  7. Including a geographic preference in a solicitation (i.e., giving an advantage to local firms).
  8. Not making and documenting efforts to solicit small businesses, minority businesses, and woman’s business enterprises.
  9. Conducting a procurement exceeding $150,000 without conducting a detailed cost or price analysis.
  10. Not carefully documenting all steps of a procurement to create a record if questions arise potentially years later.

For further information on FEMA grant procurement requirements, including contract review checklists, detailed guidance on the above topics, and online webinar training classes, please visit

Kentucky Division of Emergency Management (KYEM) Recovery Branch

Link to the KYEM website for detailed information.

Mitigation Matters!  

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