Flood Resources


Follow the links to publications and references useful for implementing floodplain management.


Floodplain Management Bulletins

  • Use of Flood Insurance Study (FIS) Data as Available Data:  Floodplain Management Bulletin 1-98 provides guidance on the use of FEMA draft or preliminary Flood Insurance Study data as “available data” for regulating floodplain development
  • Elevation Certificate, FEMA 467-1:  This bulletin is primarily intended to assist local floodplain management officials with responsibility for administering the community floodplain management ordinance and to assist land surveyors, architects, and engineers who are authorized by law to certify elevation information on the Elevation Certificate. Insurance professionals who use the Elevation Certificate for insurance rating purposes may also find this bulletin useful. The information contained in this Floodplain Management Bulletin is not intended to replace the Instructions section of the Elevation Certificate, but to supplement them.
  • Historic Structures, FEMA 467-2:  The purpose of this floodplain management bulletin is to explain how the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) defines historic structure and how it gives relief to historic structures from NFIP floodplain management require­ments (44 CFR §60.3). This bulletin also provides guidance on mitigation measures that can be taken to minimize the devastating effects of flooding to historic structures.
  • Floodproofing Non-Residential Structures (Full Document), FEMA 102: This document provides technical information for building owners, designers and contractors on wet and dry floodproofing techniques.
  • Homeowner’s Guide to Retrofitting: Six Ways to Protect Your House from Flooding, FEMA 312
  • NFIP Technical Bulletins
  • Protecting Building Utilities from Flood Damage, FEMA 348:   The overall objective of this document is to assist in the construction of buildings with building utility systems that are designed and built so that the buildings can be re-occupied and fully operational as soon as electricity and sewer and water are restored to the neighborhood.
  • Protecting Floodplain Resources – A Guidebook for Communities:  This guidebook has been written to introduce officials and citizens at the local level to a basic understanding of natural resources in floodplains and to offer suggestions for creating strategies for wisely managing these important areas. As scientific understanding of ecosystems grows, the importance of conserving and restoring the natural resources and functions of floodplains is increasingly recognized. Historically effective floodplain management was recognized as a necessary task to reduce the loss of life and property. However, floodplain areas are now also recognized as having an intrinsic value of their own as a part of the interconnected ecosystem and an influential role in increasing a community’s quality of life.
  • Protecting Manufactured Homes from Floods and Other Hazards, FEMA 85: This publication has been updated to reflect the requirements of the most current codes and standards and to provide a best practices approach in reducing damages from natural hazards. While the original version of FEMA 85 concentrated on flood and wind events, this version also addresses seismic hazards and recommends several multi-hazard resistant foundation designs. Designs are included for wood-framed foundations, conventional concrete and masonry pier foundations, and ground anchors. The ground anchor foundations are based on results from a series of first-of-its-kind saturated and dry soil anchor tests.
  • Reducing Damage from Localized Flooding: A Guide for Communities, FEMA 511:  This guide is intended to help local offices in cities, towns, villages, and counties in the United States understand what they can do to reduce the damage, disruption, and public and private costs that result from the shallow, localized flooding that occurs within their jurisdictions. This is flooding that all too often escapes the attention received by larger floods or those that are clearly mapped and subject to floodplain development regulations.  Download the guide in PDF or as a CD.
  • Reducing Losses in High Risk Flood Hazard Areas: A Guidebook for Local Officials:  This guidebook provides information to help local governments improve the effectiveness of their floodplain management programs for high risk areas that have special types of flood hazards beyond typical flooding.
  • Selecting Appropriate Mitigation Measures for Floodprone Structures, FEMA 551:  This manual is intended to provide guidance to community officials for developing mitigation projects that reduce or eliminate identified risks for floodprone structures.



  • Joining the National Flood Insurance Program, FEMA 496:  This fact sheet provides a high-level overview of joining the NFIP program and the requirements that fall upon a community.
  • Answers to Questions About the National Flood Insurance Program, F-084:  This booklet is intended to acquaint the public with the NFIP.  Despite the highly technical nature of the Program, there has been a deliberate effort to minimize the use of technical terms. This publication is designed for readers who do not need a detailed history or refined technical or legal explanations, but do need a basic understanding of the program and the answers to some frequently asked questions. Readers who need legal definitions should refer to the Standard Flood Insurance Policy and to NFIP and related regulations.


WYO Bulletins

FEMA always announces program changes and updates six months in advance of these changes taking effect so that Write Your Own (WYO) companies and insurance agents are aware of and can prepare for the changes. All program changes will impact individual policyholders upon renewal of their policies. Changes are announced via WYO Bulletin, available for public review here.


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