KAMM Updates

Kentucky Watches, Warnings or Advisories  – Weather Alerts Follow the alerts, link here

Time to Renew KAMM Membership!

Join KAMM 2018

Joining KAMM has never been easier!   KAMM offers three membership levels: Individual ($25) and Student ($10); and Agency/Organization ($250).   Membership is based on the calendar year.  

Link to Join KAMM or follow the links in the Index (to the right)  to register via your payment method.  


Save the Date! 

2018 KAMM Conference 

Lake Barkley State Resort Park, Cadiz

September 17, Preconference free day

September 18 – 20, 2018

Lake Barkley SRP can accommodate all of us and they have a brand new state- of-the-art conference center!  We’ll let you know soon when you can begin making reservations at the park.  

KAMM is outgrowing our state parks, there are only two left that can accommodate us without reserving accommodations outside of the park.  


KAMM Call for Abstracts

KAMM is looking for Mitigation Superheroes!

We invite KAMM friends to take part in this year’s annual conference and pre-conference activities by submitting an abstract for the conference program.  Has your community implemented a project, plan, or action that you want to showcase?  Have you collaborated with the private sector or state partners to identify, manage, and mitigate a hazard?  If so, you realize that Mitigation Matters, so join us for the 2018 KAMM Conference!

Learn more, download the KAMM Call for Abstracts announcement.   Or, to submit and read more, link to the Call for Abstracts.


Announcing Commonwealth Hazard Mitigation Planning Meetings

February 14, 2018

Kentucky Emergency Management Mitigation Section will conduct hazard mitigation planning meetings for the Commonwealth’s 2018 Enhanced Hazard Mitigation Plan Update, as required by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). 

Link to the schedule, 2018 Notice of Hazard Mitigation Planning Meetings I, which begins in February and ends in August.  During these stakeholder meetings topics will include the planning process, summaries of overall commonwealth risk, resource capabilities, evaluations of past and current mitigation activities, and the potential for additional mitigation activities.  Please join in a meeting in your area.  


Announcing Training for Floodplain Coordinators

L0273: Managing Floodplain Development Thru the NFIP

April 9 – 12, 2018

Kentucky Division of Water, Training Room A, 300 Sower Blvd. Frankfort, KY 40601

Deadline to register is April 3, 2018.  Class limited to 35.  

Link to Registration.


Map Service Center Enhancements and Related Tools Updates

January 25, 2018

A number of important changes are coming to FEMA’s Map Service Center (MSC) and related services as the agency continues to improve how we provide information related to the delivery of flood maps.  On February 3, FEMA will implement changes to the MSC Address Search tool and enhancements to the National Flood Hazard Layer (NFHL) Viewer.  The updates streamline access to the NFHL, and reorganize how some other tools are accessed.  These updates help reduce the complexity of FEMA for map users by reducing the steps necessary to get the information they need and providing an authoritative, consolidated view of flood risk. 

FEMA has been working for many years to transition fully to the use of digital flood maps.  The changes on February 3 continue the progress on this transition.  Specifically, the changes will direct most users to the NFHL as the primary source for viewing and printing flood hazards information, but users will still be able to access the legacy FIRMette tool.

Read more …. There are four primary updates happening …


2017 KAMM Annual Conference 

Kentucky Dam Village State Resort Park – Gilbertsville

August 28, Pre-conference Workshops and Activities & 

August 29 – 31 Annual KAMM Conference

Follow the Links …


Check out the Training Opportunities

We collect various training opportunities that includes webinars, seminars, online training and independent study.  Link to our training list Training Opportunities.


Check out the Current Grant Opportunities

We collect various grant opportunities.  Link to our grant list Current Funding and Grant Opportunities.


FEMA Announces Natural Hazard Mitigation Saves: 2017 Interim Report and the National Mitigation Investment Strategy’s Public Comment Period

January 11, 2017

Natural Hazard Mitigation Saves: 2017 Interim Report

For our nation to become more resilient, we must develop a more effective and efficient way to invest in mitigation.  The National Institute of Building Sciences (NIBS) Multi-Hazard Mitigation Council (MMC) released an updated and expanded Natural Hazard Mitigation Saves: 2017 Interim Report

In this new report, NIBS MMC examined 23 years of federal grants data to determine the benefits we derive from avoiding damages through activities funded with federal grants, and examined an expanded set of mitigation actions to determine the Benefit Cost Ratios (BCR) of building new structures beyond code requirements.  The hazard categories covered in this report include:  Riverine Flood, Hurricane Surge, Wind, Earthquake, and Wildland-Urban Interface Fire (WUI).

The new report uses two high-level Benefit Cost Ratios (BCRs) representing the benefits of mitigation.  The report results indicate mitigation grants funded through select federal government agencies, on average, can save the nation $6 in future disaster costs, for every $1 spent on hazard mitigation.  The report also demonstrates that, on average, investments in hazard mitigation measures that exceed provisions of the 2015 model building code can save the nation $4 for every $1 spent.

The report suggests a savings of $15.5 Billion from one year of building new construction beyond code requirements and a total of $158 Billion in savings from federally funded mitigation grant programs funded from 1993-2016.  The report has been vetted by a large group of public and private-sector experts.

This Independent Study is directed by the National Institute of Building Sciences with funding support from the FEMA and other governmental and non-governmental sponsors.  The authors of this study do not speak for or on behalf of FEMA.  Findings presented in this Interim Report should not be taken as reflecting the opinions or policies of FEMA or its staff.

Link to Natural Hazard Mitigation Saves: 2017 Interim Report and the Natural Hazard Mitigation Saves: 2017 Interim Study Frequently Asked Questions.

National Mitigation Investment Strategy Public Comment

The release the 2017 Interim Report coincides with another initiative that FEMA and other federal agencies are launching.  The U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) tasked the Mitigation Framework Leadership Group (MitFLG) to develop a National Mitigation Investment Strategy (Investment Strategy) and seek public comment.

The draft Mitigation Investment Strategy makes a series of recommendations, organized by six desired outcomes which – if met – could result in a nation better equipped for, and less vulnerable to, natural hazards. The Draft Investment Strategy provides a national approach to investments in mitigation activities and risk management across federal, state, local, and territorial and tribal government and the private and non-profit sectors.

The MitFLG invites ideas about investment from all levels of government and key stakeholders, including private businesses, citizens, vulnerable and at-risk populations, critical infrastructure sectors, and non-profit, academic, and philanthropic organizations.  This feedback on the draft strategy’s proposed outcomes–and how as a nation we can deliver those outcomes—is vital.

The Draft Investment Strategy is available on the National Mitigation Framework website at https://www.fema.gov/national-mitigation-framework.

Public Comments on the draft Investment Strategy will be accepted from January 11 through March 11, 2018 either through email to fema-nmis@fema.dhs.gov or through the IdeaScale site at https://fema.ideascale.com/a/ideas/recent/campaign-filter/byids/campaigns/60968.

To learn more about FEMA’s commitment to the National Mitigation Investment Strategy and building a true culture of preparedness across all communities, visit FEMA’s Blog and review Acting Deputy Administrator, Dr. Daniel Kaniewski’s thoughts on “Investing in Mitigation to Build a More Resilient Nation.”

Link to  Draft National Mitigation Investment Strategy and Draft National Mitigation Investment Strategy Frequently Asked Questions


Flood-prone neighborhood is converted into a park

Shepherdsville, Kentucky

Shepherdsville, a small town in Kentucky, transformed a flood-prone neighborhood into a popular community park.  In 1997, backflow from the Ohio River left 90% of the town underwater and forced the evacuation of 1,000 people.  Afterward, the town secured FEMA grants to elevate homes south of the river and raze 20 damaged homes in a neighborhood on First Street.  The town converted the land left vacant by the demolition into a park with trails, softball fields and recreational equipment, providing the community with new green space as well as a floodwater buffer zone.

Benefits of Mitigation of the Shepherdsville projects

Economic benefits

$3.2 million Total monetized benefits

Return on investment

144.5% Estimated return on investment

Benefit-cost ratio – 

2.5 Benefit-cost ratio 

Source: White, Esther. Establishing Long-Term Cost Effectiveness of FEMA Buyouts: A Loss Avoidance Study of the Acquisition/Demolition of

22 Properties in Shepherdsville, Kentucky. University of Kentucky Martin School of Public Policy and Administration, 2011

Read more about the project: http://www.floodeconomics.com/communities/shepherdsville-ky/


NFIP Flood Insurance Changes: October 2017, April 2018 and …January 2019

After the flurry of changes to the federal flood insurance program following the reform legislations of 2012 and 2014, FEMA has settled down on making changes in October, April and January.  In the recent October 2017 update, we saw minimal changes (HFIAA Surcharge can now be pro-rata refunded if a policy is canceled.  And except for mainly the Preferred Risk Policies, the Federal Policy Fee for contents-only policies was reduced to $25).  The latest version of the NFIP Manual includes these changes.

The recently announced changes for April 2018 and January 2019 (for the Preferred Risk Policy and Newly Mapped Procedure annual changes) are pretty much in line with last year.  

April 1, 2018 highlights:  Rate Increases:

  • Average premium increase is 6.9%
  • Besides the pre-FIRM subsidized premiums that are congressionally-mandated to increase 25% (e.g., non-primary residences, non-residential businesses), pre-FIRM premiums increase only 5%
  • Post-FIRM A Zones will see minimal to no increases; e.g., AE: 1%; AO or AH: 0%; Unnumbered Zone A: 2%
  • Standard X Zone: 1%

Primary Residence Determination: FEMA recognizes a policyholder can have more than one primary residence, as each spouse could live more than 50% of the year at a separate residence.

Phase 2 of Re-underwriting the NFIP policy base: This is delayed/extended.  In response to HFIAA, FEMA needs to send out letters to all policyholders to clearly communicate their risk.  To do so, FEMA asked insurance companies and NFIP-Direct to underwrite basically all renewal policies, but post-FIRM policies starting October 2016.  FEMA would then send a letter to each of those policyholders after the policy renewed.  The Post-FIRM phase was to start this October, but it is now delayed due to the recent hurricanes and will start when April 2018 renewal notices begin going out (though some companies have already started it).

January 1, 2019 changes:

  • Preferred Risk Policy (and eligible A99 and AR) premiums will increase 6%
  • The Newly Mapped policy multiplier continues to be 15%

NOTE: With all of that published, FEMA just released an additional Bulletin that increases the ICC premium starting April 1, 2018.  In some cases, the annual increase is $1, but in others, like pre-FIRM Zone A, we are seeing $5 and $10 increases.  FEMA did not revise the overall rate increase percentages mentioned above so we don’t know the relative percentage impact.


KDOW Best Practice

The Use of Online Surveys and Live Polling for Improved Stakeholder Interaction

October 2017

The Kentucky Division of Water (KDOW) implemented the use of online surveys before and after meetings as well as live polling during stakeholder meetings to have a more interactive exchange with community officials.  The paper surveys provided in prior meetings had limited participation and the responses were of little detail.  Paper surveys can also be distracting to participants during the meeting and if not completed at the meeting conclusion, are unlikely to be returned.  Live polling has been conducted via “show of hands” or verbal answers in the past.  KDOW has found the audience to be timid to answer and results cannot be displayed in graphical format or results recorded with such ease as online polling offers.

KDOW uses the SurveyMonkey service to solicit valuable information prior to meetings as well as important feedback post meetings.  Community stakeholders received a survey link within all pre-and post-meeting email exchanges.  Each survey consists of no more than ten questions and takes an average of less than five minutes to submit.  Surveys previously used by the Kansas Department of Agriculture served as a template for the online survey questions used by the KDOW.

KDOW uses a mixture of multiple choice and open ended response type questions.  Example pre-meeting survey questions include, “What type of flooding occurs in your community?”, “Does your community regularly conduct community outreach regarding flooding preparedness, risk, or other hazard risk?”, and “Would you like to request specific assistance from FEMA or KDOW?”  Post meeting survey questions include “How may we improve capturing your community needs?” and “How does your community plan to use the datasets?”  Any time the poll is active responses may be analyzed.

During the meeting, KDOW uses Poll Everywhere software to conduct live polling of the audience using smart phone devices.  Poll responses are sent by text message using a number and code provided by the polling service.  Observations at Risk MAP meetings indicate that anonymous polling increases stakeholder participation.  This software also allows the audience to watch response calculations live as indicated in picture above.  Poll Everywhere allows results to be downloaded in .pdf or Excel format at the close of the poll.  

For more information contact Carey Johnson (Carey.Johnson@ky.gov).


Revised Kentucky Floodplain Administrator’s Handbook

January 11, 2017

The Division of Water announces the publication of a revised Kentucky Floodplain Admin Handbook – Revised 2016 updated to inform floodplain administrators and local officials about the NFIP, permit requirements and provides sample forms.  The Handbook outlines the floodplain management process, floodplain regulations, permit procedures, and flood mapping. 

Local Floodplain Administrators will find the following of specific interest:

  • Introduction & overview of the NFIP program
  • Administration & duties for local floodplain managers
  • Definitions and acronyms
  • Floodplain regulations at the Federal, State, & Local levels
  • Overview of Executive Order 13690, Biggert-Waters Flood Insurance Reform Act of 2012, and the Homeowners Flood Insurance Affordability Act of 2014
  • Overview of flood maps and the Risk MAP Program, including Letters of Map Change (LOMC)
  • Introduction to the Community Rating System (CRS)

The revised Appendix includes:

  • Sample local floodplain application & locally issued permit
  • List of required permits
  • Elevation Certificate & Floodproofing Certificates
  • Floodway ‘No-Rise’ Certification
  • Letter of Map Change forms
  • Links FEMA’s Technical Bulletins 

For more information: contact Alex VanPelt, CFM; NFIP Coordinator, Division of Water, Alex.VanPelt@ky.gov.


Mitigation Publications – 2018

Streambank Bioengineering Job Aid available.  January 2018. Link to: https://www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/documents/156338.  Bioengineering uses plants to stabilize and reduce erosion on streambanks, bringing together engineering, ecology, and landscape architecture for long-term solutions to reduce risk from natural hazards.  This job aid presents the benefits of bioengineered solutions, describes commonly used measures, and identifies steps to plan and execute a successful project, including criteria to use in selecting the right approaches.  It includes case studies demonstrating practical applications of bioengineering methods in riverine environments subject to bank erosion and habitat degradation. 



For more mitigation resources and other publications, go to KAMM’s Mitigation Resources page.







Don’t forget to join the KAMM group on LinkedIn and Facebook.

Have questions, contact us at help@kymitigation.org



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